Hundred facts about Belarusian women
1. On average, Belarus women live almost the same(76.4 years) as Armenian(76.7 years). And so, and others have something to strive for – life expectancy of residents of Japan is approximately86.44 years.
2. Belarus women retire at 55 years old. While in most European countries, men and women are only 65retirees.
3. There are more women in Belarus than men – 53.4% of the total population. In other words, for every 1,000 men there are 1151 woman. For comparison, according to the 1989 census, the figure was 1138,and according to the census of 1999 – 1129. But in the world, according to the UN, there are 75 million more men than women.
4. In Belarus women centenarians six times more than men. More than 110 years have lived seven Belarus women, four of them are older than 115 years.
5. Maximum gender imbalance is among the elderly.Number of women aged 60-69 per 1,000 women in the cities and towns of 1,430 people in rural areas -1,359, and at the age of 70 years and older women outnumber men by 2.2 times in urban areas and 2, 4 times in the countryside. For comparison, a thousandmen 30-34 years accounted for 1,010 women.
6. In 2009, women were born less than dead: 52,940against 64,532 people. In 1995 these figures were as follows: 48 736 births the female against 64,995 dead. More often than in 2009 Belarusians diedin the age of 70 – 48,136 people.
Health and Medicine
7. Belarus women smoke less Belarus men: 27% vs. 52%.In this case, 58% of Belarus women are opposed tosmoking women.
8. Belarusians can safely give birth at home. After all, in 2010, as in 2009,only one woman died in childbirth, while in Kazakhstan – 37, Armenia – 27,Ukraine – 26, Azerbaijan – 24, Russia – 22, Moldova – 17. And in 2010,according to the rating organization Save the Children, Belarus hasentered the top 50 countries (33 th),conducive tohaving children. However, the top three leading countries in this list were: Norway, Australia, Iceland.
9. In 2009, 20,305 Belarus women developed cancer(malignant tumors). In 2005, the figure was less than- 18 281 woman. Among female cancer in 2009,skin cancer occurs most often (4344 cases), second place in breast cancer -3634 case, the third – a cancer of female genital mutilation (3604 cases).
10. A growing number of Belarus women become infertile: 2 960 cases in 2005 and has 3,274 cases ofinfertility in 2009.
11. Belarusians began about 5 times less likely to have abortions: 35,967 abortions (including mini-abortions) in 2009 compared to 193,280 cases in 1995.
12. Abortion was lower among teenage girls (15-19years). In 2002, 1,000 women in this age groupaccounted for 20.6 abortions in 2009, the figuredropped to 11.
13. The young Belarusians from 15 to19 years have less to give birth. In 1995, 14.3% of all births occurring in this age, in 2008 – they accounted for only 6.4%.
14. In Belarus, 155.2 thousand women suffer from alcoholism and alcoholic psychosis. According to the WHO, Belarus is among the ten most drinking countries in the world. Overall, slightly more than 1% of women in the world die from applying to the glass, and men – 6.2%.
15. In 2009, 558 women died from accidental alcohol poisoning. For comparison, in 2005 there were moresuch cases – 719, and in 2000, by contrast, is less than – 482 cases.
16. In 4500 Belarus lives of HIV-infected women, accounting for 38.3% of the total number of people living with HIV (PLHIV) in the country. In Russia, in 2009 women diagnosed with HIV accounted for 42% ofthe total number of people living with HIV.
17. In 2009, 722 women suffered from industrial accidents. Victims are more men- 2070 human. In general, the number of accidents at work decreased: in 1995, there were 3,030 victims of accidents, women and 9,997 men.
18. In 2009, 19,263 women are recognized as disabled. In 2000 their number was higher -27 336 women with disabilities, which is issued a certificate of disability.
19. In 1379 the Belarus women diagnosed active tuberculosis. Most cases in the Mogilev region -36.1%, and the least – in the Brest region(23.0%).Belarus men suffering from tuberculosis more- 3 254 cases in 2009.
20. According to the Academy of Medical Sciences of Belarus, in the first place among all the means ofcontraception in women in Belarus – IUD. Followed by oral contraceptives, in third place mechanical methods of protection. 28% of Belarus women use as a contraceptive birth control pills.
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21. Belarus has increased the number of officially registered drug addicts women: 216 in 2009 against123 in 2005.
22. In 2009, most women died due to diseases of the circulatory system – 37 310 people. In 2000, the figure was 38,806 cases. Women are least likely todie from diseases of the sense organs – 7 people in 2009.
23. In 2009, 373 women died in accidents related tovehicles. In 2000, there were more such incidents – 475 cases.
24. Women are less likely to commit suicide than men. So, in 2009, 505 Belarus women committed suicide, while men in this sad list was 2238 people.
Politics & government
25. In Belarus, only one woman minister. ThisMarianna Shchetkina, Minister of Labour and Social Protection of the Republic of Belarus. And in the neighboring Russia women hold three ministerial chair.
26. About 25% of businesses in Belarus headed by women. Most of them are working in a very seriousareas traditionally considered “male”: industrial production, construction, innovative productions.World statistics show that women’s business is 4 times less prone to bankruptcy than the averagebusiness.
27. The National Assembly of Belarus elected 54 women. Including 19 women deputies in the Council of the Republic and 35 women in the House of Representatives. For comparison, men in the Belarus parliament – 39 and 75 respectively.
28. Belarus was among the 27 countries that have reached the target for women’s participation in decision-making.
29. 20.3% of Belarus women are convinced that theyshould be put certain quotas for elections to legislative bodies at all levels. Men less (11.6%) agree to introduce such quotas.
30. Only 10.6% of Belarus women agree that they areneither legally nor actually do not have equal rights with men, and opportunities to participate in politics and government. Their view is shared by 6.7% of men. At the same time,45.3% of men believe thatsuch rights Belarus women have.
Education and employment
31. In the structures of the UN Office in Belarustoday operates 67 women. This is slightly more than half of all employees of the organization, the total number of which is 120 people.
32. In May 2010, Belarus got the first femalecolonel. Larissa Granny and Marina Perevertova awarded the rank of “colonel of medical service.”
33. The average salary of Belarus women – 924.4 of the Belarus ruble (about 305 US dollars). At the same time, a Polish woman receives an average of1,078 US dollars.
34. In Belarus, the average salary of women is 20% lower than men.
35. Belarus women are more educated than men. Amongworking women 55% have higher and specialized secondary education, among men – only 38%.
36. On an equal footing with men in the workplacefeels 29.1% of women. A 55.8% of Belarus women believe that men actually such rights and opportunities more.
37. Belarusian universities running 13,339 women. Of them – 235 doctors and 223 professors. For comparison, in Israeli colleges across the country, a total of 1,100 male teachers and 513 female teachers.
38. For the first time in Belarus woman pilot getofficers’ epaulettes. Natalia Malashenko is the first and only aviation cadet of the Military Academy faculty. After graduation, she will have more than 220 total flight hours. For comparison,currently working in Russia for 13 female pilots. And in the US these women about 2 thousand.
39. The Belarus unemployed women take longer to find a job – an average of 2.5 months. At the same timerequires only men 1.3 months on average.
40. According to the 2009 census, the total number of employed women was 2.3 million and compared with the results of the 1999 census increased by123.1 thousand people, or 5.7%. In this case, the female employment rate increased from 49.6% to 52%.
41. Among the officially registered unemployed in Belarus, mostly women – 53.4%of the total. In 2005, the percentage of unemployed women in Belarus was higher- 68.9%.
42. In Belarus, the number of women-Servicemen. If in 2005 the number was less than 4 thousand, in 2010nearly 4.5 million, or more than 8% of the total Army.
43. Rural women in Belarus is more eager to get an education. In 1999, among rural women aged 15 years and older the proportion of persons with higher and secondary specialized education was 22%, while according to the census of 2009 – 32%. For comparison, among rural men the figure for the decadehas increased from 18% to 26%.
44. About 60% of Belarus women speak English, and 63% of women speak German.
45. Teachers in Belarus schools traditionally workpredominantly female. At the beginning of the 2010/11academic year, their share in the total number of teachers was 86% of the number of directors and their deputies, women make up 84%.
46. As of January 1, 2011 in Belarus pension received1,667,560 women. This is 33% of the total female population.
47. The average pension in Belarus woman is Br 422 761 (about $ 140). The average woman’s pension in Ukraine is 827 hryvnia, or about 314,136 Br, or about 104 US dollars.
48. Belarus continue to work officially 364,573retired women. It’s almost one in five femalepensioner.
49. In Belarus, 4 women are rectors of higher educational institutions. While rectors male are 52 people. But senior teachers among women than among men -4019 vs. 2239, respectively.
50. Most of the Belarus women (66.2%) believe that women and men have equal rights and opportunities in the labor market. Men in the majority (74.9%) also share this view.
51. As of 2009 48.2 per cent of Belarusians working abroad are women. In general, the Belarusians are attracted by Russia and the United States. The largest number of migrant workers wentexactly there – in 1188 and 1163, respectively.
52. According to the report of the InternationalTrade Union Confederation, working women in Belarussay that their contribution to the household is greater than the contribution of men with whom theylive together. This discrepancy increases in couples with children. In Belarus, 53.1% of women in couples without children feel that they contribute more to the household. In families with children, this figure rises to 81.5%.
53. Belarus mothers believe that they have feweropportunities for career growth, when compared with men who also have children. 36.7% of Belarus women and 38.1% of men without children, believe that they have good opportunities for career growth. This figure drops significantly for those who have children. Only 21.3% of women and 27.1% of men with children see their opportunities as good.
54. The Belarus business woman’s face. In Belarus among individual entrepreneurs63% are women and only 37% of men.
55. At the beginning of the 2010/11 academic year,enrollment of women was 863 thousand. (51% of the total number of students), men – 824 thousand. (49%).56. In the educational institutions at the beginning of the 2010/11 school year enrolled 962 thousand. Girls and boys, among them girls – 49%.
57. At the moment Belarusian students in tertiary education, the most popular(128 038 people) are the specialty of “communication“, “right“, “Economics and Management“, “Economics and organization of production.” At that time, as students most guys (58083 people) prefer higher education profile“technique and technology.”
58. Vocational education girls accounted for 32%. The proportion of girls among students in secondaryspecialized educational institutions was more than half (53%). The share of women among university students – 59%.
59. As of the 2009 Belarusian doctors are more women than men – 33 122 to 16258 people. However, doctors, men of the highest category can be found more often than among female doctors: 3 103 to 2, 753 nursing staff among women is almost 20 times higher than among men: 116,737 against 5485, respectively. These are the data for the year 2009.
60. According to statistics from 2009, theeconomically active women more than men: 2455.7 2212.2 against. Of this amount, officially employed – 2 431.9 women officially unemployed – 23,800 people.Economically active population -it’s part of the population, ensuring the supply of labor for the production of goods (works, services). By EONis employed and unemployed registered with agencies for labor, employment and social protection.
61. According to the National Statistics Committee,at the end of 2008,Belarus women managers (179 230)is almost 5 times less than that of female workers (1,047,551 people).
62. According to the National Statistics Committee,in late 2008, most women(509,900) work in the industry. Men in this area somewhat larger -615,958 people. Least of all women involved ingeneral commercial activity on the functioning of the market – 4,100 people. Men in this area is even smaller – 2952 people.
63. Belarus women never sentenced to death. According to the Death Penalty Information Center in 2010, in the American death row visited 61 women.
64. In 2009, identified 154 women who violate therules of the road. This is almost two times higher than in 2005 (74 cases). In this case, maleoffenders in 2009 were found in about 40 (!) Timesmore than women – 6145 people.
65. Belarusians consider themselves 83% of the residents of Belarus. These data were obtained during the census. At the same time, about 9% of the women surveyed identified themselves as Russian, a little more than – 3% – to polkas,about 2% – in Ukrainian.
66. Most of the Belarus women talking in Russian -3542 thousand. Women (70% of women in the country). 60% of women believe Belarusian language the language of their nationality, but usually speak it at homefor just over 30% of women.
67. Over 60% of Belarusian women consider religion an important part of his life. 42% of them aged 50 andolder, and 43% – persons with higher education andbasic education.
68. 57% of Belarusian women think that they need a computer as a means of getting “a piece of bread.”
69. 49% of Internet users in Belarus are women. MaleInternet users a few more than 51%.
70. The Belarusian women are not big fans of gamblingmen. For example, playing cards addicted to only 22% of women vs. 78% of men; slot machines – 31% of women vs. 69% of men; Casino – 26% of women versus 74% of men.
71. During the census in 2009, 79.5% of Belarusian women responding to the survey question “indicated it like it is“; 5.2% “hid a couple little things”, and 1.7% of the important information concealed.
72. One-third of Belarusians (33%) believes that theworld is ruled by a higher power. Most often this belief expressed by women (67%). Almost one in five respondents (18%) believes that the world is ruled bylove. Among them is dominated the fair sex (65%).
73. Belarusian women prefer terrestrial TVtransmission – 58%. And among the cable TV usersactively represented men, people 18-39 years (51%).
74. According to 2009 among people in conflict withthe law and committed crimes -10,600 women. Men on this list much more – 62,700.
75. In 2009, 94 Belarus women committed murder andattempted murder. In 2005, there were more of thesecriminals – 141.
76. Belarus ranks first in the CIS development indexfrom a gender perspective.
77. This year, 62 Belarusians will take part in theshow jumping “Woman of the Year.” The number ofparticipants is growing every year: in 2008 – 50 women in 2009 – 52. For the first time in Belaruscalled woman-legend. Also as part of the contest to determine the best women in the nomination “Forsuccessful leadership and management“, “For active social work“, “for achievements in the education of children“, “For the charity and mercy“, “For contribution to the spiritual and moral revival ofsociety” “For Professionalism”, “For loyalty and devotion to the profession“, “For contribution to the development of rural areas“, “For female courage”, “For a successful debut in the business.”
Marriage, family, motherhood
78. In 2009, the average age of the Belarusian motherat birth was 27 years. In 1995, the averageBelarusian mother gave birth before – 25.1 years. As a rule,women living in rural areas are becomingmothers before several urban women:26.1 versus 27.3years, respectively.
79. According to the 2009 census, in Belarus, 52% of women and 62% of men and married.
80. The average age of the modern Belarusian bride -24.2 years. But Swedish women are in no hurry to tie the knot – the average age of marriage is an average of 30.7 years.
81. For several years, slightly rose the percentage of Belarusians who marry foreigners. If in 2005, 2% of all marriages weremarriages of Belarusian women with foreign suitors, while in 2009 the percentage was 2.5. Basically foreign grooms are citizens of the CIS countries.
82. The number of Belarusians accepted the termination of marriage has decreased: 5121 women who accepted the termination marriage in 2009 against8,141 women in 1995.
83. Since 2006, the decision on awarding the Order ofthe Mother of the woman who gave birth to and raiseddecently five or more children. For five years in Minsk delivered 362 of the Order of the Mother in 2010, this award was awarded35 women.
84. Belarusian women who have an Order of the mothershould pay for public transport in Minsk. Previously,tickets for mothers with many children, awarded the Order of the mother, paid from the city budget. Butin July 2010, enacted a law “On local government and self-government in Belarus”, according to which theCity Council now can only support veterans,pensioners, the disabled and children.
85. Today in Minsk, there are five thousand 460 large families, in recent yearstheir number has decreased.
86. Belarusian women are support civil marriage less than the Belarusian men: 6.4% vs. 16.6%.
87. In Belarus, women deprived of their parental rights more than men: 2,066Belarusian women against1,986 men Statistics 2009.
88. What motivates a woman in marriage? 71.7% marriedfor love, 27.1% are motivated to issue legallyeffective relations; 22.5% of women go down the aislein connection with pregnancy, and 15, 6% of women are just afraid to stayalone.
89. Today, the marriage contract support 38.7% of married women, against –23.6%. For comparison – the marriage contract support 30.6% of married men andvoiced against 29.9% of men.
90. How many children want to have Belarusian women? Ideally, most women would like to have two children(64.4%), three children – 27.0%, more than three children – 4.2%, one child – 4.4%. In reality, thetwo children plan 61.3% of women giving birth, three- 13.6%, more three – 1.9%, and one child – 23.1% of women.
91. Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of Belarus is considering the possibility of increasingprenatal leave for women in the 14 calendar days and provide him with 28 weeks of pregnancy.
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92. What leads to divorce? According to sociologicalresearch in the framework of demographic security program for 2007-2010, it was: 52.1% of married women in Belarus believe that the cause of abuse ofalcohol, 58.8% – financial difficulties, 45.9%referred to inadequate housing conditions, 31.5% accused of adultery. Least of all women(5.9%) believes that marriages fail due to illnessof a spouse, child or other close relatives.
93. What can strengthen the family? 50.6% of married women in Belarus believe that the increase subsidiesand allowances for child birth; 28.1% – stable salary; 16.8% of women believe that it is the return of benefits to large families and 2.9% referred to an increase of the leave for family people.
94. In Belarus, 80% of women aged 18-60 years are exposed to psychological violence in the family, one in four (with varying frequency) – physical violence, 22.4% of women experience economic and 13.1% – sexual violence bytheir husband or regular partner. And almost one in ten women (8%) and suffers fromphysical and sexual abuse at homeand one in ten women(9.5%) was subjected to physical violence by a husband/partner during pregnancy. Having experiencedphysical and sexual violence, only 6% of men and 46.8% of women seek help. 40% of women have experienced physical or sexual violence, had to leavehis home, trying to avoid or escape the violence.
95. In 2009, women who are not in a registered marriage, bare 21 766 children.This is slightly lessthan in 2005 – 21,868 children. At the same time in 2009,2,800 children were born to mothers with themarital status, who have not reached 20 years of age.
96. Today, families of mothers with children under the age of 18 years are about 158 thousand fatherswith children – more than 12 thousand. As compared to the 1999 census, the number of families consisting ofmothers with children has decreased by 44, 2 thousand., or 22% of fathers with children -slightly increased (by 100 families, or less than 1%).
97. In Belarus there are a few dozen women’sorganizations: 33 women’s organizations, of which 14 companies have international and national status.
98. In 2009, in Belarus alone is home to over a million women, of whom 66% -women over 60 years.
99. Most often, Belarusian women get divorced at the age of 25-29 years – 8665cases in 2009. A less oftenunder the age of 18 years – 12 cases in 2009. After 60 years recordedfor the year 555 divorce cases.
100. According to a study in the framework of thenational demographic security programfor 2007-2010., according to the Belarusian women, the main burden onthe husband to fulfill family responsibilities in the modern family is as follows:- Financial security – said 61.5% of women who are married,- Family service (cleaning, cooking, laundry) – voted2.1% of women who are married,- Child care and education – 1.0% were in favor of women who are married,- Treatment back yard or suburban area – 11.9% were in favor of women who are married.